Career opportunities in a country are influenced by a number of factors like social changes, globalization, science and technology and environmental changes. There are a lot of changes happening in these domains and lots of new careers emerge as a result. These changes lead to new career trends. Also, some careers are now becoming obsolete.
Let’s start by discussing about the social changes that are happening. Nuclear families are increasing. Both parents are working to enhance the standard of living and in order to meet the high cost of health and education. As a result there is a high demand for day-care specialists. Careers related to early childhood development like play-school teachers, Montessori trained teachers, etc. are in great demand for this reason. Also due to the stress levels increasing in working professionals, the need for specialists in health and fitness like psychologists, counselors, psychiatrists, yoga trainers, fitness consultants etc. is high. Recreational and leisure industry is also on a rise as people see this industry as a stress buster. This is leading to high demand for experts in the field of sports, travel and camping. People also would like to insure themselves, their belongings and plan their finances. This leads to a high demand for insurance professionals and financial planners.
Science and technology is another area that requires a mention when it comes to the career opportunities that have been created because of its influence. There is an emerging need to take care of the old as the life-span is increasing due to the advancements in the field of medicine. Geriatrics, a branch of medicine that deals with age related problems is budding. With lots of advancements happening in different fields and the pace of change being fast, the need for research professionals in every field is increasing. With a plethora of information available, the need for data-analysts, actuaries and statisticians is also escalating. As there is a need to adapt to the changing technology in the field of education, the demand for curriculum/content developers, e-learning professionals also shows an increasing trend. Pharmaceutical industry also seems to be booming.
Due to globalization, the world is becoming a smaller place. Earlier, you had to compete with the national market, but now one needs to compete internationally. It is suggested that you check the acceptability of the academic course you are pursuing in the global market. Marketing specialists and legal advisors who can help you understand the market trends or set operations internationally are in demand. Careers in engineering and information technology are also on a high as everyone needs a set-up or process to fasten their operations. The need for foreign language specialists is also mounting. As a result of globalization, career opportunities in service industry will be in great demand. The need for training professionals with international exposure will continue to be high.
Due to lot of changes in environment like global warming and replenishment of conventional sources of energy, the demand for professionals who specialize in the field of alternative sources of energy like solar and wind energies is showing a positive trend. Global warming needs to be addressed by environmental engineers, climatologists and thereby these careers are finding many takers. Waste management experts are also identifying newer ways of managing and making effective use of waste. Professionals to effectively manage scarce resources like water and coal will continue to be a need.
It is of increasing importance that you keep in mind the career trends while making a career choice. Also you can make best use of these career opportunities by anticipating and analyzing the trends and selecting the career that you are passionate about. With a plethora of changes happening around the world, you need to be highly meticulous about making the right choice.