Economic development and industrialization has led to numerous global issues especially pertaining to the environment. The health and future of our environment is at risk owing to the uncontrolled industrialization, urbanization, and deforestation. It may be surprising but thoughtless intensification and expansion of agriculture in some of the third world countries has also added to the ever growing problem of environmental issues. The crux of the problem relating to environment is degradation of natural resources like water, forest, minerals, rocks, and salt. Another point of escalation is the depleting ozone layer and loss of biodiversity.
The world is witnessing a global water crisis. It has been estimated that one in every three persons are having water shortage. There is scarcity of fresh water supply and if water is not used carefully then there is going to be an acute crisis. The underground water supplies are getting exhausted due to excessive boring done all over the world. The consumption of water has to be rationed. New sources of water supply have to be generated. According to the statistics released by the United Nations about 95 percent of the countries are dumping their raw sewage into water. This is not at all a good sign and needs immediate attention.
Another serious environmental issue is global warming. The climate of the world is changing rapidly because of the industrialization. This has become a topic of debate amongst the scientists, researchers, media, and environmentalists. Although, a lot of attention is being paid to towards this issue but the governments of different countries need to make an international agenda and strategy to tackle this situation.
Most of the species on this earth are on the verge of being extinct. It is stated that every 20-25 minutes one animal species is dying out on this planet. If this rate of mortality continues then by the end of this century almost 50 percent of the living species will have disappeared completely. This extinction is going to be one of the sixth major extinctions which took place on Earth. This issue is attributed to loss of habitat, species exploitation, overpopulation, and global warming. Illegal killing of animals for trade has to be checked also.
The challenges faced by the environmentalists are difficult but not impossible. There is still time to restore what has been lost. The green issues have to be dealt seriously both by the governments and non government organizations.